Rahmanberdi Ernazarov was arrested in November 2005 and charged with the serious sexual offense of forced sodomy. Despite an order that he should be transferred to a detention facility, he was held in a police cell with six other men who subjected him to constant abuse. The police did nothing to protect him. Two weeks later he was found in the cell with missing teeth and cuts on his neck, bleeding to death. He died shortly afterwards. The police claim that the death was a suicide. The authorities failed to protect a vulnerable prisoner, and there has never been a proper investigation so as to establish exactly how he died.
Rahmanberdi Ernazarov was born in 1961 in the Osh Province of Kyrgyzstan. Following his separation from his wife, he became involved with another woman, although this relationship then failed. In late 2005 he was visited at home by the father of this woman to discuss the breakdown of the relationship. The father then complained to the police that Ernazarov had attempted to extort money from him and had committed an act of forced sodomy upon him.
On November 4, 2005, Ernazarov was arrested by the police and detained at Osh police station. He was kept in a police cell with six other men. After three days he was charged with an offense of forced sodomy. Despite an order that he should be moved to a pre-trial detention center, he was kept in police custody for a further two weeks.
The police informed the family lawyer that Ernazarov was being constantly abused by the other men in the cell. Despite the fact that he was clearly a vulnerable prisoner, they did nothing to prevent the abuse. When his sisters visited the police station, they were told by the investigating officer in charge of the case that he was “better off dead”.
At about 6 a.m. on November 20, 2005, Ernazarov was found lying unconscious and bleeding in the cell. He was taken to Osh Central Hospital and died shortly thereafter.
The police conducted a perfunctory investigation into his death and concluded, in the face of evidence which suggested otherwise, that it was suicide. An independent evaluation of the autopsy report by Physicians for Human Rights indicated that it was impossible to conclude that his death was suicide, and that several injuries detailed in the report were very unusual for a suicide and could indicate that he was trying to defend himself. The police failed to carry out even the most rudimentary investigatory measures, in that they failed to seize important evidence, question key witnesses, undertake a proper autopsy, or investigate the circumstances by which a vulnerable prisoner was detained in such a way.
The Open Society Justice Initiative filed a petition to the U.N. Human Rights Committee, together with local counsel, Saidkamal Akhmedov, arguing that his death in custody and the failed investigation violated human rights standards.
Substantial pro bono assistance was provided by Hogan Lovells LLP in New York, who worked with a local lawyer to investigate why the police failed to adequately protect a vulnerable prisoner. Legal research was provided by the Lowenstein International Human Rights Project at Yale Law School.
Failure to protect a vulnerable prisoner. The authorities failed in their positive obligation to protect the right to life of a vulnerable prisoner, and failed to provide a plausible explanation for his death, in violation of Article 6(1) of the ICCPR (right to life).
Arbitrary Killing. The lack of a plausible explanation for the death in custody leads to a presumption that he was arbitrarily killed, in violation of Article 6(1).
Torture. Ernazarov was subjected to physical and psychological abuse while in custody, with the knowledge and complicity of the police, in violation of Article 7 (prohibition of torture).
Failure to conduct an effective investigation. The authorities failed to conduct a prompt, impartial, thorough, and effective investigation into the death.
Failure to provide redress. The family of Ernazarov has been unable to obtain an effective remedy for his death, including compensation and adequate reparation, in further violation of Articles 6(1) and 7.
November 20, 2005. Death in custody.
August 16, 2006. Complaint filed with the Osh City Court claiming that prosecutors have failed to investigate the case properly.
December 28, 2006. Osh City Court dismisses the claim.
September 26, 2007. Supreme Court of Kyrgyzstan reverses the decision and orders a new investigation.
March 13, 2008. The new investigation is dismissed by the Osh City Court on the grounds that a document is missing. The applicants decide the further recourse to domestic courts is futile.
March 11, 2011. Communication filed with the UN Human Rights Committee.