Life Inside the Prison Boom

Andrew Lichtenstein

Andrew Lichtenstein is interested in long-term projects of social concern, particularly in America. His photographic essays have taken him to Haiti, South Africa, and across America, exploring poverty, addiction, the prison industrial complex, and the casualties of war. His work has been published and exhibited in New York and around the world.

Artist Statement

Andrew Lichtenstein

Today, there are more than 2.2 million people serving sentences inside America’s prisons. The United States incarcerates a higher percentage of its population than almost any other country in the world. Since 1980, the nation’s prison population has tripled. 

Such dramatic expansion has changed the prison environment. In the Adirondacks, the state of New York is building its largest maximum security prison. In Texas, a prison is being converted into a facility for teenagers convicted as adults. In California, the influence of organized gangs is so extensive that people who are suspected of gang affiliations are separated into different wings of the prison.

Beginning in 1995, I started visiting prisons on assignment. I have spent time in 12 facilities in Texas, the state with the greatest prison expansion in American history. My photographs—which show people who are in prison for the first time, people who are mentally ill and behind bars, and maximum security units—document life inside a closed, secretive, and unique world.

I hope this body of work offers a compelling portrait of life inside America’s prisons.

Andrew Lichtenstein, spring 1999

Moving Walls is an annual documentary photography exhibition produced by the Open Society Foundations Documentary Photography Project. Moving Walls is exhibited at our offices in New York, London, and Washington, D.C., and includes five to seven discrete bodies of work.

Since its inception in 1998, Moving Walls has featured over 175 artists whose works address a variety of social justice and human rights issues that coincide with the Open Society mission.

Are You a Photographer?

Prospective candidates for inclusion in Moving Walls should check back in March 2014 for details on the next call for submissions.

Plan a Visit

The Moving Walls 21 exhibit is open free-of-charge to the public from January 29 through October 3, 2014.