Restrictions on Muslim Women’s Dress in the 28 EU Member States

Inclusion and pluralism are fundamental values in open societies and the European Union. It is better for everyone to live in a society that is open to diversity, including religious diversity. Yet, there is a rising threat in the European Union to these values—legislation enforcing what Muslim women can and cannot wear.

This fact sheet, which was adapted from a larger report, finds that nine out of 28 EU countries are enforcing a national and/or local ban on the headscarf or face veil, which puts an unfair restriction on Muslim women who are already facing higher levels of discrimination. The fact sheet also provides recommendations to policymakers across the European Union who hold the power to push back against the anti-Muslim rhetoric of the far-right and nationalist parties.