It’s Nothing Personal

20141104-bastashevski-mw22-collection-001

Three people wearing hooded sweatshirts seated at computers

Detail from It’s Nothing Personal, 2014.
Photograph: Mari Bastashevski

Installation of corporate documentation and promotional material from international electronic surveillance companies.

Hacking facility at “CyberGym” camp.

CyberGym is an Israeli cyber defense role-playing training facility that provides IT security training to enterprises and government officials. It was established as a joint venture of Israel Electric Corporation and CyberControl. It employs cyber security experts who had worked as intelligence agents for the Israeli government.

© Mari Bastashevski

20141104-bastashevski-mw22-collection-002

Mock-up illustration of installation consisting of surveillance industry brochures and five photographs

Mock-up illustration of It’s Nothing Personal, 2014.
Photographs: Mari Bastashevski
Design: LUST

Installation of corporate documentation and promotional material from international electronic surveillance companies.

The brochures curated by Mari Bastashevski for this installation were collected by the artist and the NGO Privacy International as part of its Surveillance Industry Index project, the most comprehensive publicly available database on the private surveillance sector. The database features 266 companies, profiles 66 countries, and includes approximately 1,305 brochures gathered from private trade fairs over the course of four years.

© Mari Bastashevski
Mari Bastashevski and Privacy International

Mari Bastashevski (Danish, b. 1980) is an artist and researcher. She studied art history, did coursework in genocide studies, and a year in photography at the Danish School of Media and Journalism.

Her projects include: File-126 (2007–2010), about abductions of civilians in the Russian North Caucasus; State Business (2010–present), about the conflict and surveillance industrial complex; and Empty with a Whiff of Blood and Fumes (2013–2014), about the nexus of money and power, as a buildup to civil war in Ukraine.

Bastashevski’s work has been exhibited at Fotomuseum Winterthur, Noorderlicht, and Paris Photo, among others. She is a recipient of a Magnum Foundation Emergency Fund grant (2013), and was nominated for Prix Elysée (2014). In 2014, Bastashevski also worked with Privacy International on an investigation into the sale of surveillance technologies to Central Asian regimes.

Privacy International fights for the right to privacy across the world. Founded in 1990, Privacy International was the first organization to campaign at an international level on privacy issues. They investigate the secret world of government surveillance and expose the companies enabling it. They also litigate to ensure that surveillance is consistent with the rule of law and advocate for strong national, regional, and international laws that protect privacy. In addition, Privacy International conducts research to catalyze policy change and raises awareness about technologies and laws that place privacy at risk. To ensure that this right is universally respected, Privacy International strengthens the capacity of partners in 23 countries, and works with international organizations to protect the most vulnerable.

Artist Statement

Mari Bastashevski and Privacy International

“You see, I would be perfectly happy to have all my personal things burned up in a fire because I don't have anything personal. Nothing of value. No, nothing personal except my keys, you see, which I really would like to have the only copy of, Mrs. Evangelista.” —Harry Caul, The Conversation (1974)

The installation, It’s Nothing Personal, is part of a broader series of reports and artworks on the lawful interception and communication surveillance industry. It presents the dichotomy between what global surveillance firms promote in their self-representation, and what the testimonies of those who are directly affected by these technologies disclose.

State surveillance is nothing new, but the industry that satisfies governments’ demand for surveillance of mass communications has skyrocketed, and it is one of today's most rapidly burgeoning markets.

Five years from now, the lawful interception industry will earn five times the U.S. $251.5 million profit it generated in 2014. Most surveillance technologies will be produced by American, European, and Israeli companies and pitched to law enforcement or intelligence agencies across Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, often to entities that don’t require an additional permit to intercept, and are answerable to no one.

A variety of products sold includes ready-to-use monitoring centers that are able to silently access, process, and store years of electronic communications of entire countries. Forged SSL certificates and HTTP aggregators allow state agents to stand between the server and the user, and collect user names, passwords, and trace movements across cyber space. And governments and companies can seamlessly and remotely insert eavesdropping viruses into mobile phones and computers.

While most of these products are undetectable by design, those who sell them have developed a strong corporate image. Branding concepts applied in promotional materials—brochures, videos, and websites—emphasize protection against vague but potent threats, technical capacities, and an ease of application. Access to intimate details of correspondence is presented as impersonal data, petabytes stored and packets inspected.

The detached technical jargon and sanitized clip-art aesthetic work to obscure a deep-rooted partiality. Communication surveillance is a fundamental part of law enforcement operations meant to benefit those it vows to protect, in as much as it is a weapon for preserving power by infringing on the privacy of those who oppose it.

Mari Bastashevski, November 2014

Moving Walls is an annual documentary photography exhibition produced by the Open Society Foundations Documentary Photography Project. Moving Walls is exhibited at our offices in New York, London, and Washington, D.C., and includes five to seven discrete bodies of work.

Since 1998, the Moving Walls exhibition series has showcased nearly 200 photographers in 23 group exhibitions that align with the Open Society Foundations’ mission to advance human rights and social justice.

Are You a Photographer?

Please check back for details on the next call for proposals for Moving Walls.

Plan a Visit

Urban Now: City Life in Congo will be open free of charge to the public at the Open Society Foundations–New York from November 2, 2016, to July 14, 2017.