Independent Expert Panel Assesses Candidates for 2018 Inter-American Court of Human Rights

NEW YORK—An independent expert panel will assess the national nominees standing this June for election to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR), in a continuing effort by civil society groups to promote a more transparent selection process for the influential regional human rights body.

This year, three judges will be chosen from four candidates during the general assembly of the Organization of American States, which will be held in Washington, D.C., from June 4 to 6.  

The four candidates are:

  • Nardi Elizabeth Suxo Iturry (Bolivia)
  • Humberto Sierra Porto (Colombia)
  • Ricardo Pérez Manrique (Uruguay)
  • Eduardo Ferrer MacGregor (Mexico)

The creation of the independent panel is part of an effort first launched in 2015 to shed more light on a selection process that continues to lack transparency, while offering an independent assessment of the candidates standing for election.

The 2018 panel is composed of four renowned jurists and academics from the human rights community: Carlos Ayala (Venezuela), Ximena Medellín (Mexico), Juan Mendez (Argentina), and Naomi Roht-Arriaza (United States). For the first time, the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law of the American University’s Washington College of Law will serve as the secretariat for the panel. The panel’s deliberations, analysis, and conclusions—which are independent from the convening and endorsing organizations—will be included in a report to be released at the end of May.

Although the Organization of American States passed resolutions in 2016 and 2017 calling for the public presentation of candidates to the commission and court—“to describe in greater detail their vision, proposals, and the initiatives that they would undertake if elected”—it has yet to appoint an independent advisory committee to provide competent, fair, and independent assessments of all nominees, as both the 2015 and 2017 panels have recommended. Similar bodies exist to monitor selection processes to other leading international courts, including the European Court of Human Rights and the International Criminal Court.

Established in 1979, the Inter-American Court is tasked with safeguarding the rights guaranteed in the American Convention on Human Rights through its judgments, advisory opinions, and provisional measures. Together with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the court has played a major role in the protection of human rights across the region and helped shape the development of international human rights law around the world.

This year’s panel has again been convened by the Open Society Justice Initiative, the Due Process of Law Foundation, and the Center for Justice and International Law, with the support of many NGOs, universities, and bar associations throughout the region (see list of initial supporters below). These organizations share a common commitment to strengthening the Inter-American human rights system through the principle of fair, transparent, and inclusive elections, and through the nomination of qualified and independent candidates. 

The three judges elected will be part of the IACHR after the mandates of Humberto Sierra Porto (Colombia), Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor (Mexico), and Roberto Caldas (Brazil) end.

Endorsing Organizations

Argentina
Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad de Buenos Aires

Bolivia
Comunidad de Derechos Humanos
Construyendo Redes para el Desarrollo
Derechos en Acción
Fundación CONSTRUIR

Canada
Human Rights Clinic of the Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa

Chile
Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Diego Portales
Chile Transparente
Corporación Humanas

Colombia
Consultoría para los Derechos Humanos y el Desplazamiento (CODHES)
Corporación Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo (CCAJAR)
Maestría en Derechos Humanos y Cultura de Paz de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Cali
Grupo de Investigación en Derechos Humanos de la Facultad de Jurisprudencia de la Universidad del Rosario

Costa Rica
Asociación Ciudadana Acceder
Costa Rica Íntegra (Capítulo costarricense de Transparencia Internacional)
Defensa de Niñas y Niños - Internacional (DNI)

Ecuador
Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador
Centro de Documentación en Derechos Humanos Segundo Montes Mozo S.J. (CSMM)
Fundación Ciudadanía y Desarrollo

El Salvador
Agrupación Ciudadana por la Despenalización del Aborto Terapéutico, Ético y Eugenésico
Colectiva Feminista por el Desarrollo Local
Fundación de Estudios para la Aplicación del Derecho (FESPAD)
Instituto de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas (Idhuca)

Guatemala
Centro de Acción Legal Ambiental y Social (CALAS)
Convergencia por los Derechos Humanos
Plataforma Internacional contra la Impunidad

Honduras
Asociación de Jueces por la Democracia (Honduras)
Centro de Investigación y Promoción de Derechos Humanos (CIPRODEH)

Nicaragua
Centro por la Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Costa Atlántica de Nicaragua (CEJUDHCAN)

Panama
Alianza Ciudadana Pro Justicia

Peru
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)
Instituto de Defensa LegalInstituto de Democracia y Derechos Humanos de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Paz y Esperanza
PROETICA
Capítulo Peruano de Transparencia Internacional

Mexico
Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan
Centro Diocesano para los Derechos Humanos Fray Juan de Larios
Grupo de Información en Reproducción Asistida (GIRE)
Fundación para la Justicia y el Estado Democrático de Derecho (FJEDD)
Instituto de Liderazgo Simone de Beauvoir

United States
Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, American University Washington College of Law
Santa Clara University, School of Law, International Human Rights Clinic
The Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute

Venezuela
Acción Solidaria en VIH/sida
CIVILIS Derechos Humanos
Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad de Los Andes
Programa Venezolano de Educación Acción en Derechos Humanos (PROVEA)
Comité de Familiares de Víctimas de los Sucesos de Febrero-Marzo de 1989 (COFAVIC)

Regional
Amnesty International
Asociación Interamericana por el Medio Ambiente (AIDA)
Asociadas por lo Justo (JASS-Mesoamerica)
Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL)
Centro de Derechos Reproductivos
Due Process of Law Foundation
International Service For Human Rights
IPAS Centroamérica
Open Society Justice Initiative
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
The Carter Center
Washington Office on Latin America