The Human Cost of Secret U.S. Drone Strikes in Yemen

For more than a decade now, the United States has been using armed drones to secretly kill suspected terrorists in Yemen. The public knows very little about these attacks. Neither the U.S. nor the Yemeni government has systematically disclosed who was killed and why, or whether civilians were among those killed.  

Now, working with the Open Society Justice Initiative, researchers from the Yemeni nongovernmental organization Mwatana Organization for Human Rights have spent two years visiting the sites where some of these attacks took place. Their findings are detailed in a new report, Death by Drone: Civilian Harm Caused by U.S. Targeted Killings in Yemen, which gives the world a look at the reality of a counterterrorism strategy that the Obama administration has hailed as a model program.

The findings raise serious concerns over the lawfulness of U.S. drone strikes in Yemen. It also provides credible evidence that U.S. strikes continued to kill civilians even after President Obama said in a May 2013 speech that “before any strike is taken, there must be near-certainty that no civilians will be killed or injured.” This raises serious questions about the extent to which the United States is complying with its own policy guidelines.

As Yemen sinks further into instability, the report seeks to ensure that the civilian victims of these strikes are not forgotten to new and future crises. And as the United States implements a new drone export policy purporting to be part of a broader effort to shape international standards on drone use, the report warns of the dangers associated with promoting the U.S. model of drone use.

The report, which documents civilian harm caused by nine U.S. airstrikes between May 2012 and April 2014, describes the experiences of civilians directly affected by U.S. drone strikes, individuals whose voices are all too easily forgotten because they are poor and without political influence, and because the drone strikes were conducted in secret, in remote locations far away from the United States.

The report is based on 96 interviews with injured survivors and eyewitnesses of the attacks, relatives of individuals killed or injured in these attacks, local community leaders, doctors and hospital staff who were involved in the treatment of victims, and Yemeni government officials. Where available, Yemeni government statements, photographs and videos of the aftermath of the drone strikes, and medical records corroborated these accounts. An independent munitions expert provided additional analysis.

But, as our report explains, this research was conducted in a context of pervasive U.S. and Yemeni government secrecy concerning the airstrikes. There were also tense security situations in many of the regions where the strikes took place, as well as the fear of reprisals for speaking openly about the strikes.

The testimonies in this report describe desperately poor communities left to fend for themselves amid the devastation caused by U.S. drone strikes. Mothers and fathers who lost their children in drone strikes speak of inconsolable loss. They speak of their children’s bodies charred beyond recognition. Wives speak of losing their breadwinners, and of young children asking where their fathers have gone. The victims of these strikes say that these strikes will not make the United States or Yemen safer, and will only strengthen support for al-Qaeda.

The report also describes the terrorizing effects of U.S. drones on local populations. In many of the incidents documented, local residents had to live with drones continually flying overhead prior to the strikes and have lived in constant fear of another attack since. Some fled their villages for months after the strike, and lost their source of livelihood in the process. Survivors of the attacks continue to have nightmares of being killed in the next strike. Men go to their farms in fear. Children are afraid to go to school.

The civilian victims of U.S. drone strikes in Yemen want justice. They want to know why they were targeted when they had nothing to do with al-Qaeda or any other terrorist group. But none of the nine strikes documented in the report have been acknowledged by the U.S. government. Nor are the victims aware of investigations into civilian deaths and injuries caused by U.S. strikes. In most cases, civilians have not received adequate compensation.

In February 2013, then–White House counterterrorism chief John Brennan testified at his Senate confirmation hearing to become CIA director that the United States “need[s] to acknowledge … publicly” mistaken killings “in the interest of transparency.” More recently, the General Counsel for the Department of Defense publicly declared: “Transparency … strengthens our democracy and promotes accountability.”

It is time for the U.S. government to make good on these assurances. It should publicly disclose the May 2013 Presidential Policy Guidance relating to targeted killings as well as the numbers and identities of civilians killed or injured by U.S. airstrikes. It should also conduct effective investigations into unlawful killings and provide prompt and meaningful reparations for civilian harm caused by U.S. strikes.

12 Comments

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Keep up your excellent work.

I am grateful for your reporting.

This massacre on a global scale is quickly gathering the evidence which can and should be presented to the United Nations adn International Criminal Court in Hague by the respective Governments of the affected areas. Unfortunately all of these places are ruled by American stooges i.e. dictators, kings and sham democracies who will never dare to protest to their own paymasters in Washington. This kind of public initiative by the Open Society Foundation is highly appreciated and one day, with the help of masses around the world, including the American public, those responsible for such targeted assassinations and murders enmasse via drones will be brought to justice.

what about killing of unknown no. of civilians in north Pakistan by the US drone.

America the beautiful - how dare you pass judgement on others for violations of human rights when you yourself are committing constant violations of human rights on both children and women in Yemen, Afghanistan a.o. and are still keeping so-called terror suspects in Guantanamo without providing them with access to justice, the majority of whom are most likely innocent!

The least I can do is to share this appalling information with as many policy makers as I can. Few days pass without a further discovery of these type of secretive actions by the US in assymetric undisclosed warfare

Ralph

There is, of course, nothing new about the US's violation of the law and even the most basic standards of humanity. The practice has been widespread in both Latin America and Asia. Not only is it disgracefully inhumane, it is also wholly counter-productive, as it takes violence up notch by notch, traumatising whole regions of this world, causing security concerns worldwide.

What Frank Richardson says sums up the significance of this reportage. We can be thankful for the reportage and wait for the chance to contribute to the downfall of such misuse of power.

The absolute cruelty of the outcome and the downright lack of respect and love for our fellow human beings are outrageous. Drones are the machination of very powerful cowardice. Thankyou for being there and doing your utmost to create Justice.

Am sad that these strikes go on, and feel that it does us no good to pretend we have "democracy". Terrorism is a real issue and needs to be dealt with but within the bounds of law.

There shouldn't have been even one civilian death. If a democracy is rulership by the majority then the US has lost it. The majority of the people in the US are being exploited to the max with no relief from the legal establishment. We are told, "We must stop thinking of the individual and start thinking about what is best for society." Hillary Clinton. Yet while she was Secretary of State several individuals at the US Embassy in Benghazi were killed while there was advance awareness apparently. Her emails were destroyed yet she and her husband made $136 million while she was Secretary of State. Now I read that she was responsible for the Russians getting this continent's uranium and I read that China and Russia are collaborating on weaponry.

Thank you, George Soros.
As a 100% disabled veteran I appreciate all that you do to help folks all over the world.
No more wars......

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