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Climate Change, Displacement, Mobility, and Migration: The State of Evidence, Future Scenarios, Policy Options

  • When
  • November 29, 2022, 9:00–10:30 a.m. (EST) / 3:00–4:30 p.m. (CET)
  • Where
  • Open Society Foundations, Jägerstraße 54, Berlin 10117
  • Speakers
  • Goran Buldioski, Felicitas Hillmann, and Rainer Münz
  • In partnership with
  • Delmi (the Migration Studies Delegation)

Please RSVP to attend this event


Climate change impacts international migration and domestic mobility, but projections of the future of migration due to climate change remain difficult to make. The latest research overview by Mathias Czaika and Rainer Münz on Climate Change, Displacement, Mobility, and Migration provides us with insight into the current state of knowledge about this critical issue. 

While natural disasters have displaced 342 million people between 2008 and 2021, they have rarely led to long-term emigration or displacement across international borders. The implications of gradual environmental degradation induced by climate change on internal mobility and international migration are more complex to assess and predict than the direct effects of sudden-onset natural disasters.  

Over the last 40 years, more than 2 billion people have moved from rural to urban areas. While it is not possible to isolate climate change as a factor, environmental degradation has, in general, intensified this movement. Model calculations assume that, until 2050, between 78 and 175 million people will be mobile due to climate change, but only a minority of these will become internationally mobile.  

The future of climate-induced internal mobility and international migration is uncertain. We must assume the human ability to cope and adapt, opening possibilities for people to stay and survive in affected regions. Central to these possibilities will be the political will and collective resolve to invest in the prevention and adaptation measures that Climate Change, Displacement, Mobility, and Migration informs us will become increasingly necessary.  


  • Goran Buldioski


    Goran Buldioski is director of programs for Open Society–Europe and Central Asia.

  • Felicitas Hillmann


    Felicitas Hillmann is head of the Paradigm Shift Networking Unit at TU (Technische Universität) Berlin.

  • Rainer Münz


    Rainer Münz, author of Climate Change, Displacement, Mobility, and Migration, is currently visiting professor at Central European University (Department of Public Policy) and at the Diplomatic Academy in Vienna.

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