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Middle East and North Africa

The Open Society Foundations’ work in the Middle East and North Africa seeks to promote democratic governance and to protect human rights amid entrenched regional conflicts and political restrictions.

Offices and Foundations

Amman, Jordan

The Amman office is home to the Middle East and North Africa Program.

Tunis, Tunisia

The Tunis office serves as a satellite for the Middle East and North Africa Program, which is based in Amman, Jordan.

  1. Amman, Jordan
  2. Tunis, Tunisia
  • Map icon for geographic program officesGeographic program offices

By the Numbers

$35.4M 2020 expenditures for Middle East and North Africa
2.6% Percentage of global expenditures
5.0% Average annual change in expenditures since 2016

Expenditures by Year

Explore our full expenditures by theme and region

Our History

The Open Society Foundations gave our first grants in the Middle East to groups in Israel and Palestine in 2002, as George Soros expanded his philanthropic efforts into the region. In 2006, our first regional office opened in the Jordanian capital, Amman, followed by a second office in Tunisia in 2014.

A polling station official in Tunis, Tunisia shows a ballot box to election observers.
The chief of a polling station in downtown Tunis, Tunisia, displays the ballot box in front of his colleagues and election observers on October 23, 2011. © Zacarias Garcia/EPA/Shutterstock

Our Work

Throughout the Middle East and North Africa, our network, under the direction of our Middle East and North Africa Program, works to defend human rights and promote democratic governance.

Responding to COVID-19

Workers prepare food at a relief agency
Workers at a relief agency for Palestinian refugees prepare food to be delivered directly to refugee family homes, in Gaza, on March 31, 2020. © Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto/Getty

Our initial response to the COVID-19 crisis has included emergency funding to protect Syrian and Palestinian refugees living in crowded camps in Lebanon, as well as their host communities, and supporting relief and protection efforts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. We have also provided $500,000 to efforts to raise informed public awareness of the risks posed by the virus and of the need for social distancing, while also fighting disinformation that threatens to undermine the regional response. Open Society has also joined other foundations in a region-wide effort to support arts and cultural groups to survive the economic impact of confinement policies that have devastated the arts world.

Syrian Refugee Crisis

Our efforts to respond to the mass displacement of people caused by war in Syria include investments by the Economic Justice Program to support employment opportunities, for refugees and the host communities. The Middle East and North Africa Program has also supported community facilitators for refugees to help others negotiate bureaucratic barriers and challenges. Open Society has supported efforts to enable displaced students and academics to continue their work and complete their studies. 

A man in a refugee camp holds a newborn.
A Syrian man in a refugee camp holds a newborn child in January 2013. © Jeff J. Mitchell/Getty


The Open Society Foundations support the Al Quds Bard College in East Jerusalem, focused in particular on the Master of Arts program in teaching and critical thinking. The Foundations also work with Birzeit University in Ramallah to support a doctoral program in social sciences, unique in the region, and courses at its Women’s Studies Institute, one of the first academic institutions in the Middle East to focus on the study of gender. 

Independent Journalism

A man with a microphone speaks with a woman who is laughing.
The founder of an online radio news station conducts an interview in Amman, Jordan, on April 11, 2014. © Oraib Toukan

As part of our efforts to promote independent media around the world, we have supported local start-ups such as Inkyfada in Tunisia and Jumhuriyya in Syria that provide quality public interest journalism within their communities. We also support organizations such as Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism, which provide investigative journalism trainings.

A man in walks past a wall that has street art portraying a drone.
A man in Sanaa, Yemen, walks by street art of a U.S. drone on January 29, 2017. © Mohammed Mohammed/Xinhua/Redux

Human Rights

We are among the numerous international supporters of leading Israeli and Palestinian human rights and law groups—including Adalah, al-Haq, al-Mizan, and B’tselem—that have repeatedly used the courts and law to challenge discrimination and call for accountability for abuses. Since 2003, Open Society’s Palestinian Rule of Law Awards program has provided scholarships for more than 60 law students from the West Bank and Gaza to study in the United States and Central European University.

International Justice

Our Open Society Justice Initiative and Human Rights Initiative support regional and national groups pushing for accountability for atrocity crimes in the region, including regarding the situation in Syria, as well as the ongoing work by the International Criminal Court prosecutor on situations in Iraq/United Kingdom, Libya, and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

A young man sleeps in the ruins of a house near Gaza City that was shelled by the Israel Defense Forces.
East of Gaza City, a young man sleeps in a house that has been shelled by the Israel Defense Forces. © Ahmed Hjazy/Pacific Press/Getty

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