Fueling the War: Why Energy Sanctions Matter and How to Make Them Effective
The EU has responded to Russia’s aggression toward Ukraine with unprecedented unity and several rounds of wide-ranging sanctions. Existing measures, though, have not targeted the primary source of the Kremlin’s revenues—its energy exports. An embargo on Russian oil and gas imports to Europe would curb Putin’s ability to fund his war on Ukraine more than any other measure.
This is the first discussion in an event series bringing together civil society and experts from Ukraine, the EU, and Russia to provide analysis, forecasting, and recommendations about how the EU could responsibly implement an embargo on energy imports from Russia, what this would mean for the war in Ukraine and Putin’s regime, how it would serve the EU’s green energy transition and energy security, and what would be needed to help Europe’s vulnerable populations to cope.
As EU leaders grapple with reaching consensus on biting energy sanctions, this first discussion will examine the likely effects on Putin’s calculus of an EU ban on energy imports. The conversation explores available policy options—including a complete energy embargo, staged bans or a phase-out of fossil fuels, and sectoral sanctions—and their costs and benefits. We also consider possible loopholes in, and deficiencies of, different sanctions regimes, and how to calibrate them for maximum impact.
The next two events of this series will address the EU’s green transition and the measures needed to redistribute costs equitably to provide energy and climate justice for Europe’s vulnerable over the long run.
Sergei Guriev is professor of economics at Sciences Po in France, and is a research fellow at the Center for Economic Policy Research.
James Kanter is a journalist and the founder and editor of the EU Scream podcast.
Sam Leon is head of Data Investigations at Global Witness.
Olena Pavlenko is president of DiXi Group in Ukraine.
Until May 2023, Daniela Schwarzer was the executive director for Open Society–Europe and Central Asia.
Georg Zachmann is a senior fellow at Bruegel in Brussels.
Resilience in Moldova
Q&A: Moldova’s Path to a European Future
Moldova has endured the Kremlin’s aggression because it has chosen to leave Russia's sphere of influence and supports Ukraine. The impact of the war on daily life—and why the nation is determined to join the EU.
Art During Wartime
“Warriors of Light”
The world knew all too little about the art and culture of Ukraine prior to Russia’s all-out invasion. The war has changed that—and demonstrated the power of art as a tool of resistance.
Collective Action for Ukraine
A Drive to Deepen and Widen Ukraine’s Roots of Resilience
Open Society’s Ukraine Democracy Fund is providing vital support for scores of Ukrainian civilian groups, while working to rally allies abroad.