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Towards an EU Toolbox for Migrant Workers

Labour mobility and regularisation in Germany, Italy, and Spain in 2020

As part of its proposal for an EU Migration and Asylum Pact, the European Commission has pledged to present proposals on legal migration in 2021 to better match labour demand and supply, enable better, faster access to visas and work permits, and increase the intra-EU mobility of foreign workers.

This report analyses the actions taken by three EU member states: Germany, Italy, and Spain. These countries have created or expanded labour migration pathways, regularised part of the undocumented population, and increased protections for some categories of migrants.

The report examines how effective these different approaches have been and if there are lessons to be learned at the EU level.

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