How Getting Involved in Politics Transformed One Roma Village’s Future

Idle griping about conditions turned into clarion calls for change.

In today’s Romania, Roma are vastly under-represented politically, and many have come to find themselves divorced from democracy, something that has only deepened the community’s troubles. The story of Filipeştii de Târg shows how this kind of systematic disenfranchisement can hold back a people—and how those determined to break free of this can change their trajectory for generations to come.

Filipeştii de Târg is a commune of 7,700 residents nestled among the fairytale towns and forested hills of Prahova County, Romania. The commune is composed of three villages: Brătăşanca, Filipeştii de Târg, and Mărginenii de Jos. Thirty-five percent of its people are Roma, and with few exceptions they all live in the village of Mărginenii de Jos.

Despite the fact that more than a third of its population is Roma, until two decades ago Mărginenii de Jos had never elected a Roma person as local councilor. That changed in 1996, when a young petrol engineer named Gheorghe Tudor (father of Marius, one of the authors) was voted into office—the sole Roma among 14 other non-Roma councilors.

Almost immediately, Tudor began working to close the gap that separated the disadvantaged Roma population and their more prosperous non-Roma neighbors. He brought Roma needs to the attention of the local council, convincing them to allocate money for better infrastructure, social services, and economic opportunities in Roma areas. And he explained to his fellow Roma the inner-workings of local government, convincing them that by electing members of their own ethnic group to office, government could be leveraged to their benefit.

His constituents heard what he had to say and, in the next election four years later, voted Tudor up to county councilor, a position that affords more possibility to bring positive change for the Roma community. Once there, the former engineer achieved one of the community’s long-standing goals: connecting the Roma citizens of Filipeştii de Targ to the rest of the commune with a three-kilometer asphalt road.

As they marveled at their new paved thoroughfare, the Roma population began to understand the importance of being politically represented, of electing your own people to positions of influence. They realized that if the road between their village and the rest of the commune could be paved, then so could the roads within their village, and they soon set to work lobbying for that cause.

Idle griping about conditions turned into clarion calls for change. Groups of local citizens began proposing specific infrastructure projects, and learning how to organize.

Since then, every electoral cycle in Filipeştii de Targ has seen Roma candidates elected to office. Today, the commune has no less than six Roma local councilors, all elected by the village of Mărginenii de Jos.

It’s because of this that the Roma population now has access to the municipal natural gas system, the electricity network, churches, a beautiful kindergarten, and renovated schools. Recent negotiations also ensured that in the next six months every citizen of Filipeştii de Targ—from all three villages, no matter their ethnic origin—will have access to potable water from the municipal water system, as well as improved roads and a community center. The city hall is already coordinating resources with public loans approved by the county council.

Today, Roma people have faith in their elected local councilors. They’ve developed a trust-based relationship between themselves and the officials that represent them. In the recent run-up to the presidential elections, the Roma community of Filipeştii de Targ and their political representatives gathered to discuss the implications of the event—a discussion that would have been unfathomable just a few years ago.

The tangible infrastructure achievements in recent years are remarkable. But perhaps even more impressive is the growth of a community that’s conscious of the way it’s perceived and its place in society. After 14 years, Gheorghe Tudor is not alone anymore. His dream of a leadership community has come true.

The Roma in Mărginenii de Jos have succeeded without EU funds and without private donors; they succeeded because of their own efforts and the power of democracy. The success of Mărginenii de Jos will not appear in a neat impact report or project assessment—this is a story of 20 years of effort, determination, and empowerment.

13 Comments

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Love reading your stories

this is simply fantastic. a great example of activism from the grass-roots, and on the crucial link between political representation and true community participation. thank you for also pointing to the role of time...

to resolve this contradiction,the only reasonable and workable conclusion one can come to is that the national level of government should enact a single framework,providing for both the governance and management of urban areas and cities and for the rural local government.

Johnny - I studied the Roma when I was a student in Paris During one of the Roma festivals at St. Marie des Mères I was made an honorary Rpma. I have followed their tragic lives ever since and acted whenever I could. It is truly a great story that you have sent to us. It is really one of love and dedication. Just marvellous. I send you part of a Rom poem below. Many thanks. diana

"Where then from here?

....a life of wandering
forwards, backwards
along roads
that time forgot

From Without house or grave - Bi Kheresqo bi limoresqo
by Rajko Djuric

Yes, I do not find funded projects work. But grass-roots ones can.

Every village and town in Europe needs a better relationship with its representatives and councillors, the fact that this happened in Romania shows that determination and true citizen-participation in citizen-matters is key to change and democratization of processes. I am so happy to read this - shame these stories rarely make national news (this ought to change of course to provide a positive example of ''people power'' and restore faith in local governments for the benefit of all - Roma and non-Roma alike).

Roma Community proved wrong the ideology that Democracy must come from external pressure. each society has its own type of democracy. The differences is the magnitude how democracy is practice. Big UP ROMA Community.

This is another miracle in this world. I like the way ROMA community behaves democratically. Let African Community learn from ROMA.

Thank you for this post and your important messages about leadership and the potential within community.

This is so true. Political change needs time. People need to develop trust in their representatieves and that takes time too. People need to feel that they own what they do. As you point it out, external and unreal timelines for projects development sometines do more harm than good. What a great and empowering story, Thank you Marian, Marius and OSFs for sharing it.

Great achievement! Hope there will be more similar stories happening in the Roma communities across Europe.

Thank you for your comments and positive appreciations. On different scales I`ve seen the premises of change for better life in many Roma settlements. These civic initiatives belong in many cases to the non-governmental organizations or are the results of a local leadership as in Filipestii de Targ . The real challenge and the missing chain link we encounter is the lack of committed political Roma representatives. The ones to be ready to take over the local or NGO best practice initiatives and scale them up, not only in the neighboring communities, but into regional/national/European level, tailoring the public policies to the Roma community realities.

My concern is about the hundreds and thousands of socially excluded Roma communities all over Europe, were leadership, organizing and leading change are just wild empty sound concepts. What would be the chances for Change within these ones?

Thanks everyone for the positive feedback.
Is not hard to do things, what is really hard is to put yourself in the condition to make them happen.
So, are you willing to accept the responsibility to be part of the change and to organize your people to change their lives?
We, all the Roma, are the solution!

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