How Will Today’s Aging Voters Shape Tomorrow’s Democracies?

Immediately after the Brexit vote, an idea began to spread through social networks. Jokingly or not, many voiced their frustration at the result by suggesting that old people should not be allowed to vote.

Citing a poll by the international market research firm YouGov, a table displaying support for the Remain and Leave options among different age groups showed that, while voters under the age of 50 had chosen to Remain, voters over 50 favored the Leave option. Support for Brexit was especially high among people over the retirement age.

Over the next several days, the idea of limiting the voting rights of elderly people made its way into the mainstream media. “Old people vote shortsightedly, choosing the least progressive outcome,” writes Joel Stein in Time. He goes on:

In surveys in the [United States] and the UK, people over 65—compared with people under 30—were nearly twice as likely to be against gay marriage; twice as likely to be pro-Brexit; half as likely to support legalization of marijuana; nearly five times less likely to want to spend money on education; 60 percent more likely to vote for Donald Trump; and nearly 50 percent more likely to say immigrants have a negative impact on society, despite the fact that they are being wheeled around by them. Whether these figures are accurate is irrelevant, since old people are so bad at Googling.

Albeit in a less caustic tone, David Schrieberg similarly argues in an article for Forbes that elderly support for Brexit mirrors their support for Trump in the United States, Marine LePen’s National Front in France, and Geert Wilders’s Party for Freedom in the Netherlands. He goes on to claim that older voters’ “bad electoral decisions” are caused by a “toxic rationale” that combines fear, anxiety, and nostalgia. He concludes, “Better to leave it to the young, who have their hopeful eye on the future, rather than their fearful elders, looking back to a mythic past.”

This depiction of the young as idealistic and full of hope and the elderly as fearful and nostalgic is remarkably common. Many believe that even the most progressive young people naturally become more conservative or even reactionary with age. But is this actually the case?

Empirically, the idea doesn’t seem to hold up. Schrieberg’s suggestion that support for far-right parties in France and the Netherlands is higher among the elderly is actually false. According to an I&O poll from December 2016, support for Geert Wilders’s Party for Freedom is highest among young voters and declines dramatically with age. Less than five percent of voters over 65 support his xenophobic campaign. Likewise, the National Front is the top electoral choice among French voters under the age of 50, but among the elderly, Marine LePen’s ultra-nationalist party is the third choice.

The fact of the matter is that the political and cultural perspectives of the elderly are more complex than we tend to assume. A forthcoming project by the Centre for Contemporary Culture of Barcelona and the Open Society Foundations further explores the difference between older and younger citizens across EU countries, dispelling the myth that the elderly form a single, increasingly conservative constituency. Ageing Democracies? Political Participation and Cultural Values among the Elderly in Europe brings together five individual fellows from various backgrounds, disciplines, and European contexts to produce works that challenge our preexisting notions of the elderly.

Through this variety of approaches—from academic studies to documentary films to an immersive theatrical play—the Ageing Democracies project hopes to shed light on a complex and unexplored topic with dramatic political implications. Ultimately, the elderly are as diverse as any other age group. Yet it often seems as if ageism is tolerated in our society, even by those who criticize other forms of discrimination such as racism, sexism, or homophobia.

The impacts of ageism are not going away anytime soon, especially not in Europe. According to the European Commission, by 2060 nearly 30 percent of Europe’s population will be 65 and over, up from 18 percent in 2014. During the same period, the continent’s old-age dependency ratio (i.e., people aged 65 and over relative to those aged 15–64) will rise from 27.8 percent to over 50 percent.

As population aging accelerates, affecting an increasingly large portion of the world, the politics of aging will only grow in importance. How democracies respond to the challenge of an older future is being decided today.

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I have found that many individuals whom. I have known to live a very long life are not necessarily xenophobic or fearful ..but rather curious and enlightened , those last two qualities being the source of their humanity ......it would seem to me that an "aging "democracy might also be considered as a "mature" democracy in which the values of an open society and economic opportunity have contributed to greater wellbeing and prosperity for all of its citizens

Bravo! I'm a veteran of the sixties movements, and the ageism I see coming at me now irks me beyond words. Seniors—even people who came of age in the fifties—were heavily represented at the recent climate march in DC. Septua- and octogenarians marching for miles in 95º F heat! My message to youth: our experience and memory can be an asset to you. Don't throw it away with age bigotry.

Delighted to see this work beginning, we need to understand the arc of ageing and how our assumptions about economic growth drivers need to adapt to make sense of what's happening. It could be a good news story but it's certainly not painted like that currently.

Agreed

As a middle aged North American, the premise of blaming many of the social and political currents of concern upon those of greater years seems somewhat preposterous.

While indeed there are of course a few reactionary elders among any population, a basic fact often evades many when looking at the shifting balance along the classical Left/Right political spectrum:

Those currently among our eldest living demographics both are less conditioned by media culture and the alterations of stimuli threshold and response that the currently youthful who have grown up in the information/media "overstim" environment; also there are far more who have first or second hand recollections of the last time that the "far right" had an out-of-control growth surge at a time when the information acceleration curve was just able to allow for the new ideological form to emerge.

The cycle has been approximately three quarters of a century, approximately two classic generations, and the most vocal adherents of a belief that the humanistic and egalitarian movements of the mid-point of that time span were somehow "extreme", have little or no understanding of what had inspired those social trends.

Hopefully they learn quickly, the "game" is far less forgiving and the pace of play far quicker than the previous round.

At 88 I would like to choose to have a painless death, when I want it, instead of cluttering up society. I do not want to decline to senility. A lot of my older friends, who end up suffering and lonely, would also like to choose when to die. Most of those I see marching for pro life are young people who then complain if a vote against thier views. Then they want to take away my right to vote as I want and complain about my voting for the option I have used a lifetimes experience to decide on. You can slow the aging population if the old are allowed to choose to die pain free and with dignity when they decide they want to.

I'm a Quaker aged 78. Most of my fellow Quakers are over retirement age and almost unanimously voted Remain. I could say more but it would be very unQuakerly!!

We won’t have true democracy until we retreated it from EU directives given out by unelected democrats.

Don’t try to pigeonhole the elderly. I am 70 years old. I have never voted right wing in my life, voting Lib/Dem, Labour and most recently Green. I am concerned for our environment, I seek to secure the future of my children and grandchildren.

I voted to leave the EU, partly because I used to work for it and know first hand the incompetence and corruption it hides. I did not see immigration as an issue but the general direction of EU expansion meant more takers and fewer givers.

As an ex-magistrate I would legalise most drugs immediately but welcome gay marriage in any form so long as it does not devalue my marriage vows to my wife.

I have spent most of my life working with other nationalities and races. Some individuals have been a disgrace to their nationality/race, most have not.

We are all different and yet all the same.

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