Using the Law to Empower the People of the Greater Mekong

I will never forget the moment I realized that I was in the wrong line of work. Soon after graduating from law school in Chiang Mai in northern Thailand, I started a job with a local bank. I had a good salary and good benefits, but something never felt quite right. One day, I was asked to go to reclaim some possession from a client unable to pay his debts, including a motorcycle and a TV. When I walked into his house, I saw his two young children happily watching cartoons. I could not bring myself to follow through, and I quit my job not long after.

After some soul searching, I started working for the Thai Volunteer Service Foundation, a grassroots NGO supporting rural communities at risk from development projects. My salary was less than half of what I earned before. It is safe to say that my family questioned my career choices (and my sanity). But the communities were up against well-resourced governments and businesses and were powerless to fight back on their own. As a lawyer, I realized I could do more with my skillset than sitting in the office of a bank.

Thankfully, others have had the same idea. Today, I am part of the Mekong Legal Network, a unique grouping of lawyers in Southeast Asia that supports often-forgotten people through legal advocacy. The Network was launched by the NGO EarthRights International, a grantee of the Open Society Foundations, where I also have my day job.

We work with communities along the Mekong River, the “rice bowl of Asia,” which flows from the Tibetan plateau through Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Throughout the region, rapid economic development and investment have put the livelihoods of millions at risk. Much of this is in the hydropower sphere, where the rush to build dams—in particular in Laos, which aspires to become the “battery of Asia”—have displaced thousands and affected those who depend on farming or fishing for a living.

There is an often-neglected regional aspect to this investment. People suffer down river in Cambodia and Thailand when dam projects in Laos disrupt water flows. At the same time, much of the hydropower drive in Laos has been funded by money from Thai commercial and state-owned banks. But there are no real regional mechanisms or legal avenues for those affected to reclaim their rights.

This is where the Network, and its parent organization the Mekong Legal Advocacy Initiative, comes in. Our network of lawyers in the Mekong countries work together to share information, best practices, and to develop joint advocacy strategies. The aim is to ensure effective and coordinated action on a regional level. The Mekong Legal Advocacy Initiative is also an all-too-rare opportunity for young lawyers and leaders to gain the necessary experience and knowledge to carry out their work.

One of our current briefs is the Hongsa coal plant and mining project in Laos Xayaboury Province, which straddles the Thai border. The $4 billion project is mostly Thai-owned, but it’s also supported by Lao companies. Heavy metals released into water supplies from mining could seriously affect the health of residents on both sides of the border, who are at risk of cancer, birth defects, and respiratory problems. The project was pushed through without any meaningful consultation with those it most affected. We have worked with communities in Thailand to help them petition the Thai National Human Rights Commission about its serious implications.

There is no shortage of risks and challenges in our work. We always tell the communities we work with that they are the main actors, and we are just there to help them claim their rights. But training effective advocates is not easy, and explaining complex legal terms like environmental impact assessment requires a creative approach. This includes everything from using simple, relatable language, to visualizing legal strategies through maps and drawings. We also constantly factor into our work the risk of reprisal against communities by governments and businesses.

Ultimately, fundamental change will depend on whether governments in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations start making good on promises to build a truly “people-centered” region. States must work together to develop a standard approach to assessing the environmental impact of development projects, to mitigate risks from transboundary investment. Governments and businesses must also ensure that a respect for human rights and the environment is integral to all efforts. Just and equitable development is not optional; it’s crucial for the future of the Mekong Region.

For now, the Network will continue our work until decision makers start to catch on. I am doing this so that our children can grow up in a world where the environment is respected. When my son was born, my wife and I named him Than Dham—which means “justice river” in Thai. I hope that his generation will grow up to breathe clean air and fish in unpolluted waters, free from the fear of losing their homes so more room could be made for the next hydropower dam.

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yes, please see how you can helping our country congo kinshasa to one ship ficher here in congo kinshasa, our people dyade by poverty .
we hop hear from you soon, yours coordinator for worldcompassion MUHINDO KIKHA GEDEON in butembo congo kinshasa.
contact+243994238406,+243998539418

LET ME KNOW HOW AN ATTORNEY IN DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES CAN HELP. SOME OF THESE PROJECTS ARE WORLD BANK FUNDED AND CAN BE ALTERED TO INCLUDE LOCAL VOICES.

Gostaria de trabalhar como voluntária, sou viúva, tenho minha independência financeira e ficaria muito feliz em trabalhar com vocês.

The experience of Neung is one that I can relate to. After I graduated with Bachelor of Law degree from University of Nairobi in 2002, I joined a law firm that was located in upmarket area of Nairobi and described itself as premier law firm. The work environment was very fast paced and hours were long but I enjoyed the challenge; I saw it as opportunity to become a highly paid corporate lawyer. My boss liked my work and at one point said I was a asafe pair of hands. While at the university, I had on severe occasions volunteered to provide legal services to poor communities in rural Kenya and was member of students body that run legal aid clinics. The experience in working with poor Kenyans inculcated in me view that law should be a tool/means to fight injustices; however, my work at the law firm seemed to be more inclined towards protecting interests (mainly commercial) of wealthy individual and corporate clients. As such, I began to feel increasingly restless and questioning the work environment (especially the long hours, which would not be remunerated). What finally made me leave was when we represented a large Japanese construction company which was building a large hydro power project; this corporal had terminated some contracts of employment for some employees and had refused to pay them their dues. The employees filed the disputes with the local labor office and the labor officer ruled in their favor. The Japanese corporation persisted in refusing to make the payments so the one of the employees filed the matter in court; the summons to enter appearance and file a defense were issued against the corporation but they failed to do so; in the circumstances, the court issued judgement against the corporation and they were ordered to pay amount claimed by the dismissed employee, interest and costs of the suit. The corporation arrogantly refused to settle the claim and it this point, the employee obtained orders from the court to attach and sell by public auction properties of the corporation so as the recover the judgement amount. It is at this point that the corporation sought the services of my employer and I was assigned the case. I’m meeting with the client at which my boss was present, I advised that since the amount claimed by the terminated employee was lower than what the corporation was paying us in legal fees, and in any case two tribunals had ordered the company to pay, and that was the legal position, it would be in best interest of the company to pay. My boss interjected and said if the corporation paid, this would be admission of wrong doing and would set a bad precedent; as such, I was instructed to file application to stay/delay the impending attachment and auction on ground that the corporation was never served with the suit papers including the judgment and only became aware of the same when the auctioneers showed up at their premises with notice to identify items that would be auctioned (process know as proclamation). I drafted the proceedings (albeit reluctantly) and represented the Japanese corporation before the magistrate and since I had established probability that the corporation was not properly served with suit papers, the magistrate granted the orders I sought on behalf of my client. It is at this point that it became very clear to me how legal processes can be used to perpetrate and perpetuate injustices and after two weeks, I tenderer my resignation. I joined a non-government organization that was providing legal aid to poor people and while the work was less glamorous and they NGO didn’t have posh offices as the law firm, there was no job security because then NGO depended on donor funds, I was greatly satisfied with what I was doing and would sleep well at night knowing that I was using my legal skills to help rose who are oppressed, poor and marginalized. I had aicnr moved to working on advocacy to challenge policies that keep people marginalized and proposing legislative and policy initiatives that address marginalization, powerlessness and poverty

Dear sir, madam,its my pleasure to write for the first time.wish to be partners with you.
waiting for any further information from us.

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