What a U.S. Musical Tradition Can Teach Us about Roma Culture

The history of Roma people in the United States remains unfamiliar to most. Maybe even less familiar is the Hungarian-Gypsy musical tradition brought by many of those Roma to the United States over 100 years ago. A new book, Gypsy Violins by Steve Piskor, himself from a long line of Hungarian-Slovak Roma musicians, seeks to uncover this vibrant past and preserve it from sadly increasing obscurity.

The history of American-Hungarian music begins in Braddock, Pennsylvania, in 1887 with the influx of Hungarian-Slovak workers taking up the employment opportunities offered by Andrew Carnegie. Most of the Roma musicians among them came from Kassa, Hungary (now known as Kosice, Slovakia). Youngstown, Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, and New York also became home to many of these musicians. Among the fans of cimbalom music—part of the Hungarian-Gypsy musical tradition—was Henry Ford.

Gypsy Violins has collected scores of archival photographs of funerals, weddings, baptisms, parades, and celebrations in which this music played a crucial role. Many of the pictures have never been viewed by the general public. Also in the collection are over 200 pages of historically-significant newspaper articles. 

In depicting a once thriving community, Gypsy Violins reminds us that the survival of cultures—however vibrant they may be—is never guaranteed. Though faded in the United States, in Europe today Roma culture perseveres despite a backdrop of state sponsored evictions, discrimination, and exclusion. This culture must be protected if the European Union is serious about its commitments to Roma, Europe’s largest minority of about 10 to 12 million people. “Who are you if you don’t know anything about where you come from, about your origins, your family, your language, your own culture?” reflected a young Roma man from Macedonia at a recent retreat on Roma pride.

Gypsy Violins preserves the culture of an old generation of Roma from obscurity and reminds a new generation of Roma pride in the past and what’s needed to protect this culture in the future.

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Hello Mate,
Before reading this post I didn't aware about Roma music, certainly I heard about this but I didn't know such things about it. Thanks for enhancing my knowledge & I will bookmarked this page for my future reference!

Hi, I'm pleased our site could give you a new insight in Roma music and this piece of information turned out to be relevant for you. You're welcome to check this page time by time since we're working on both supporting and promoting diverse innovative initiatives drawing on the power and importnace of cultural work. Mate

I am always so honored and happy to see a page that features my great grandfather, John. Thank you for helping to keep his music alive. Feel free to contact me if you would like to chat.

my grandfather albert balog played viola with your grandfather many years..i have some pics of the band

i'm sure my great grandfather was in one of your pics. i thank you for telling about our culture. No more shame about who we are and where we come from,not that i ever was. When i was little we were not allowed 2 tell anyone we're gypsy because then you'd be a thief. thanks and i will look forward to getting your book

It was really amazing coming across this site. John Brenkacs was my great great grandfather and it has been a wonderful experience in my journey to find out more about him. Thank you for sharing these pictures and knowledge.

I am so interested to find your book and website! My great-grandfather played violin with the gypsies in Cleveland. Offhand, sorry to say, I don't even have a name, but as I have read a little, here and there, I am impressed with my father's family names, Joseph, Gusty. And my grandfather played violin also, but was injured in a power tool accident long before I was born. Strangely enough, I am a classical violinist, and have played professionally with a couple orchestras and still make my living. I have never seen an entrance to a a freeway that didn't pull at my heartstrings, and yet cousins of mine are the stay at homes from the other side of the family. i look forward to reading your book. Barb (Rylander - honorary Swede by marriage)

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