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Muslims in Europe: A Report on 11 EU Cities

  • Date
  • December 2009

The Open Society Foundations' Muslims in Europe report series constitutes the comparative analysis of data from 11 cities in seven European countries. It points out common trends and offers recommendations at the local, national, and international levels, including to the European Union and to international organizations.

While not representative of the situation of all Muslims in these cities, this report does capture a snapshot of the experiences of Muslim communities in select neighborhoods in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, Antwerp, Berlin and Hamburg, Copenhagen, Leicester and Waltham Forest-London, Marseille and Paris, and Stockholm.

This body of work comes in response to major trends with regards to Muslims living in Europe: whether citizens or migrants, native born or newly arrived, Muslims are a growing and varied population that presents Europe with one of its greatest challenges, namely how to ensure equal rights and opportunities for all in a climate of rapidly expanding diversity.

The following overview report includes:

  • Acknowledgment
  • Preface
  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: Policy Context
  • Chapter 3: Cohesion, Belonging, Discrimination and Interactions
  • Chapter 4: Education
  • Chapter 5: Employment
  • Chapter 6: Neighborhood and Housing
  • Chapter 7: Health Care
  • Chapter 8: Policing and Security
  • Chapter 9: Civic and Political Participation
  • Chapter 10: Media
  • Chapter 11: Recommendations
  • Annex 1: Bibliography
  • Annex 2: Tables
  • Annex 3: Questionnaire

The publication is available for download in English, French, and German. In addition, a fact sheet based on the report's findings is available in English, French, Dutch, and Danish.

To receive a hard copy of the report, please contact Csilla Toth at


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