Skip to main content

Demolition of Roma Homes in Bulgaria

The Urgent Need for Housing and Anti–Roma Prejudice Strategies
  • Date
  • June 2022
  • Authors
  • Daniela Mihaylova, Alexander Emilov Kashumov, and Alexander Alexandrov Kashumov

In 2017, the Open Society European Policy Institute found extensive evidence that the Bulgarian government targeted Roma for eviction and demolition of their homes. In subsequent years the situation deteriorated further, with 3000 demolitions taking place between 2017 and 2020, leaving people homeless and unable to obtain documents that would prove their right to basic services. These demolition orders, which disproportionately affect Roma communities, are a breach of domestic, EU, and international law, but Bulgarian courts approve them.

Alarmingly, EU funds intended for Roma housing were instead diverted to building highways and other construction projects. Some were even used to demolish Roma homes.

The Bulgarian government has signaled its intention to tackle the problem of illegal Roma housing, but has failed to take appropriate action. Most urgently, it should make it easier for Roma to make their homes legal if they are of stable construction. Parliamentarians have tabled a bill to this effect: it needs to become law. In the longer term, the country must develop robust and equitable housing and integration strategies that serve all its citizens.

Read more

Subscribe to updates about Open Society’s work around the world

By entering your email address and clicking “Submit,” you agree to receive updates from the Open Society Foundations about our work. To learn more about how we use and protect your personal data, please view our privacy policy.